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De MARTINO Ernesto, La terre du remords, Gallimard, 1966.

De SIKE Yvonne, Fêtes et croyances populaires en Europe, Bordas 1994. DEVEREUX Georges, Essais d'ethnopsychiatrie générale, Gallimard, Bibliothèque des sciences humaines, 1970.

DIDIER-WWEILL Alain, Invocations, Paris, Calmann-Lévy, 1998.

Un mystère plus lointain que l’inconscient, Aubier 2010.

DOLTO Françoise, L'image inconsciente du corps, Seuil, 1984.

DURING Jean, Musique et extase, Albin Michel, 1988.

Quelque chose se passe, Verdier, 1994.

EHRENZWEIG Anton, L’ordre caché de l’art, 1967, Gallimard 1974.

ELIADE Mircea, Le chamanisme et les techniques archaïques de l'extase, Payot, Paris, 1983.

FRAISSE Paul, Psychologie du rythme, PUF, 1974.

FREUD Sigmund, Essais de psychanalyse, 1927, pbp, Payot, 1981(pp. 49-57).

Malaise dans la civilisation, Paris PUF, 1973

GAETNER Rose, De l’imitation à la Création, PUF, 2000.

GOODY Jack, La raison graphique, CNRS (Décortique la pensée écrite en opposition à la tradition orale).

HALIFAX Joan, Les chamans, Seuil, 1991.

HALL Edward T. , La danse de la vie, Seuil, Essais, 1984

HART Mickey, Voyage dans la magie des rythmes, Robert Laffont, 1993.

JOUSSE Marcel, Anthropologie du geste, Gallimard, 1974.

JUNG Carl Gustav, Psychologie de l’inconscient, 1952, Paris, Livre de Poche 1993.

Ma vie, Gallimard, 1973, p.453.

KLEIN Jean-Pierre, L’art en Thérapie, Hommes et perspectives, Marseille, 1993.

LABAN Rudolf (von) La Maîtrise du Mouvement, Arles, Actes Sud, 1994.

La danse moderne éducative, Editions du Centre national de la Danse, Paris, 2003.

LACAN Jacques, « le Stade du miroir comme formateur de la fonction du Je » in revue française de psychanalyse, XIII.

Le Séminaire, livre XX, Encore, Seuil, 1975.

Le Séminaire, livre XI, Les Quatre concepts fondamentaux de la psychanalyse, Seuil, 1973.

LE BRETON David, Anthropologie du corps et modernité, PUF, 1990.

LEIRIS Michel, La possession et ses aspects théatraux chez les Ethiopiens de Gondar, Paris, Plon, 1958.

LEGENDRE Pierre, La passion d'être un Autre, Seuil, 1978.

LEROI-GOURHAN André, Le geste et la parole, Sciences d'aujourd'hui, Albin Michel, 1985. Les religions de la préhistoire, PUF, 1964.

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ROUSSILLON René, Manuel de psychologie et psychopathologie clinique générale, Masson, 2007

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SAUVANET Pierre, Pierre Sauvanet, Le Rythme et la Raison, t. I : "Rythmologiques", t. II : "Rythmanalyses", Kimé, 2000

SCHOTT-BILLMANN France, Le primitivisme en danse, La Recherche en danse, Chiron, 1989.

Quand la danse guérit, La Recherche en danse, 1994, Réédition (édition revue et augmentée) le Courrier du Livre 2012.

Le besoin de danser , Odile Jacob, 2001

Le Féminin et l’amour de l’Autre, Odile Jacob, 2006

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Le jeu et la passe, Paris, Seuil, 1997.

SOUPAULT Philippe, Terpsichore, 1928, Papiers, 1986.

SPITZ René, De la naissance à la parole, Paris PUF, coll. Bibliothèque de la psychanalyse, 1968.

SPINETO Natale, Les symboles dans l’histoire de l’humanité, Editions du Rouergue, 2003.

STERN Daniel, Le monde interpersonnel du nourrisson, Paris, PUF, 1985.

VERNANT Jean-Pierre, L’univers, les dieux, les hommes, Paris, Seuil, 1999.

WINNICOTT Donald.W, Jeu et réalité, nrf, Gallimard, 1975.

ZUMTHOR Paul, Introduction à la poésie orale, Paris, Seuil, 1983.

Revues en français :

Revue Danse-thérapie, n° 1, été 95, La Recherche en Danse, 1995.

Revue Art-et- thérapie :

n° 98-99, fév. 2008 : L’exercice en art-thérapie

N° 88-89 Déc. 2004 ; l’œuvre du regard

N° 64-65, Aout 98 : L’art questionne la psychanalyse

N° 54-55, Déc 1995, Les sens du mouvement

N° 32-33 : 1989 Dionysos, sa renaissance

N° 28-29, 1988. Expression Création

N° 24-25, 1987, La danse : incarnations,

Neuropsychiatrie de l’enfance et de l’adolescence n° 2-3 ; fév-mars 1985.

Danse et spiritualité, Noésis, 1999

Dansons magazine, Les danses swing, n° 15 Av. 1994.

Publications en anglais :

BLACKING John, How musical is man ? University of Washington Press, (USA), 1973,

HILLMAN James : The Myth of Analysis. Three Essays in Archetypal Psychology, Northwestern University Press, Evanston, USA, 1972.

LABAN Rudolf (von) Modern Educationl dance, Londres, Mac Donald et Evans, LTD, 1963.

ONG, W.J.Orality and Literacy, Londres:New York, Methen 1982.

SONNENSCHEIN E.A.What is Rhythm , Blackword, Oxford, 1925

THORPE Edward, Black Dance, Woodstock, The Overlook Press, 1990.

The books by France Schott-Billmann

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Le Féminin et l’amour de l’Autre

Marie-Madeleine, avatar d’un mythe ancestral

Odile Jacob Editions – 23,50 €

The author tries to clarify the mystery of the “feminine”, crossing mythological, psychoanalytical and artistic perspectives, in particular through the figure of the disconsolate saint Mary-Magdalene, one of the most popular representations of the feminine in our western mythology. The feminine does not concern exclusively the woman. It has been repressed in our societies that praise the masculine pole both in monotheistic religions, celebrating a god-Father replacing a Goddess-Mother, and in the western way of thinking, exalting the scientific reason which cuts, separates, classifies and sets hierarchies. On the contrary, the other pole, the feminine, tries not to separate, but to establish continuities and bonds between things, beings, worlds, to relate with something invisible but perceived beyond material reality. That means to be able to abstract from a too much present materiality. The feminine desire “sees” through this screen and discovers secret correspondences, continuities, unexpected bonds creating new connections, as mythology, magic, trance and art. This creative and effective modality of thought has been marginalized in our societies, repressed or scorned in others, for instance in the so-called primitive cultures. Actually, the health of a society, as the one of the individual, needs the union of the two opposite and complementary poles, the masculine and the feminine. Their reconciliation is at the base of a harmonious life, as the Ancients have remarked in transmitting, through their rites, the century-old wisdom of the Goddess-Mother, that leads to a balance between the body and the soul.

Le besoin de danser

Odile Jacob Editions - 21 €

Traditional dances, rock music, techno, hip-hop: the coming back of the pulsation in nowadays music and choreographic culture is a massive, popular, anonymous phenomenon. Why this need of rhythm, of pulsing and dancing? Is it just a search for freedom, inebriation, party and sometimes transgression? A coming back to primitive forms, to a desire of trance? It is all of this at the same time, but also the expression of the utopia of a planetary society truly fraternal and festive.

Quand la danse guérit

Approche anthropologique des fondements thérapeutiques de la danse

Paris, Chiron, La Recherche en danse, 1994. New edition 2012, Courrier du Livre Editions.

The theoretic bases of dance-therapy. This work is essential for dance-therapists, art-therapists, music-therapists but also for psychologists, psychotherapists, psychiatrists, healthcare assistants, educators, counsellors, social workers, teachers and for all the ones who wish to understand, from a scientific point of view, the therapeutic power of dance, that has been used by all human societies since centuries. Moreover, this book gives an original contribution to all the disciplines that analyse dance from a cultural perspective: ethnology, anthropology, sociology and history of religions. We already know that the rhythm has a particular therapeutic power. Many societies considered it as a god because of its creative force. It awakens the vital force through its resonance with the rhythm of the heart and of the breath; it regulates physical, energetic, social and psychic disorders. It is central in the ritual therapies of Ancient Greece, in which the saviour gods Dionysus and Demeter were celebrated through songs and dances. These therapeutic rituals were Christianized and put under the aegis of the saints (Saint John, Saint Guy, Saint Paul, or Saint Constantine and Saint Helene in Greece). Then, they were used during the Middle Ages, and until nowadays, in order to heal, like the Saint Guy dance or the tarantula possession. The author, with her multiple competences in psychology, anthropology and biology, proposes a rigorous and actual analysis of the benefits of rhythm on the body and the mind. Even if the benefits brought by the rhythm are well-known, we still need to understand its mechanisms if we want to use them properly in a therapeutic relation.

Le Primitivisme en Danse

L’esthétique primitiviste dans les arts plastiques (cubisme, etc.) et dans la danse

20 €

The artistic trend of Primitivism, from which Cubism, Fauvism and contemporary plastic researches originate, has not touched the domain of performance dance so much. Is the path that led Gauguin, Picasso, Brancusi, Matisse, the Fauves, Modigliani, Henry Moore and many other artists to recognize their worries in the art works of tribal or “primitive” societies, going against the reproduction of appearances, that prevails in western aesthetics? Which new elements is Primitivism bringing to the evolution of the notion of subject in western societies?

Possession, Danse et Thérapie

Etude anthropologique sur la transe

16 €

A world tour around the trance phenomenon, that is a state in which the Other inhabiting the subject, unbeknown to him, becomes manifest. In fact, the I is not the only actor of our life, as the poet Rimbaud wrote: “I is Another”.

Trance rituals of traditional societies underline this fundamental structure of human psychism: the bond to the Other. The book explains how the body-in-relation-with-the Other can be at the centre of therapeutic techniques suitable for western people. The institutional western hospital system keeps the patient isolated, cutting the connections with his social and emotional network. In this frame the patient is dazed by the treatment offered to him and he ends up walking like a zombie, with an empty, ghost-like and uninhabited body. Who was not shocked by this annihilation of the body in visiting this kind of psychiatrist structures? … Don't we need, maybe, to examine traditional medical systems without prejudices? What if we draw inspiration and teachings from these traditional practices, like Claude Levi-Strauss has suggested to psychoanalysts? It is in question if it would possible to transfer a healing technique from a society to a different one. The description of the therapeutic techniques around the world, as well as the analysis of their premises and mechanisms, may allow us to see if equivalent bases might be effective in the western cultural context. Maybe it might be possible to adapt them to a therapeutic modality like the artistic mediation, if we replace polytheistic deities with archetypes, religious trance with artistic inspiration...

Corps et possession

(esaurito) Paris, Gauthier-Villars, Bordas, 1977.

Phd dissertation in psychology (1977, université Paris 7)

Le Vécu corporel des possédés face à la rationalité occidentale

This work interrogates trance, a psychic state widely repressed in the West: the I partially or totally eclipse to let an Other talk at his place. The author looks at trance in different polytheistic societies, in Africa, in South America, as well as in those western contexts where trance has survived (“satanic” trance in the Loudun religious community, XVII century; tarantism in the south of Italy).

Danse, mystique et psychanalyse, marche sur le feu en Grèce

(esaurito) Paris, Chiron, La Recherche en danse, 1987.

This book studies an ancient ritual belonging to a Christian Orthodox context. Who are these Greeks dancing on fire without burning themselves? Why do they do it? Is it a miracle, repeated every year on the 22th of May, Saint Constantine and Saint Helene day, or is it another proof of the power of the mind on the body? All the copies of this book are sold out, but the phenomenon of the dancing on fire in Greece, heritage of Ancient Greek Mystery cults, is revised and analysed in the book “Le Féminin et l’amour de l’Autre”.

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